During the first discussion panellists, Member States and civil society representatives asserted that the time for discourse has passed. But the greatest difference would be to nature. Climate models project robust 2 differences in regional climate between present-day and global warming up to 1.5°C 3, and between 1.5°C and 2°C 4 (high confidence), depending on the variable and region in question (high confidence). Mexico is promoting the integration of stakeholders as a means to identify new opportunities emerging from climate action. One model shows marine fisheries would lose 3m tonnes at 2C, twice the decline at 1.5C. “We all know that the green economy is the future, but we must make sure that everyone benefits, and no one is left behind,” he said. In terms of private sector engagement, she said road maps are being presented by business sector representatives outlining climate initiatives. Then the final tick box is political will. Just over a decade is all that remains to stop irreversible damage from climate change, world leaders heard today as the General Assembly opened a high‑level meeting on the relationship between the phenomenon and sustainable development. Sea ice-free summers in the Arctic, which is warming two to three times faster than the world average, would come once every 100 years at 1.5C, but every 10 years with half a degree more of global warming. The UK has announced its NDC, with an emissions cut of 68% by 2030 compared with 1990 levels, a marked improvement on its 2015 NDC containing only a 53% cut, though climate experts said a … Ms. DELGADO said Mexico has seized the opportunity to participate in climate-related activities within the United Nations. • If warming is kept to 1.5C, coral reefs will still decline by 70-90% but if temperatures rise to 2C virtually all of the world's reefs would be lost, “It’s a line in the sand and what it says to our species is that this is the moment and we must act now,” said Debra Roberts, a co-chair of the working group on impacts. ANTÓNIO GUTERRES, Secretary-General of the United Nations, said no country or community is immune to climate-related devastation, with the poor and vulnerable the first to suffer the worst hit. In the afternoon, the General Assembly held a high-level panel discussion on “Synergies between climate and sustainable development agendas”, moderated by Inga Rhonda King (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), President of the Economic and Social Council. Indigenous and all races of women are key to healing Mother Earth. As President, Bernie Sanders Will Avert Climate Catastrophe and Create 20 Million Jobs As president, Bernie Sanders will launch the decade of the Green New Deal, a ten-year, nationwide mobilization centered around justice and equity during which climate change will be factored into virtually every area of policy, from immigration to trade to foreign policy and beyond. “If we want real change we must bring all relevant actors together,” she concluded. This is more about technology than politics.”, James Hansen, the former Nasa scientist who helped raised the alarm about climate change, said both 1.5C and 2C would take humanity into uncharted and dangerous territory because they were both well above the Holocene-era range in which human civilisation developed. Addressing the heads of State and Government present at the meeting, she said:  “Our future is in your hands, do not let the hope of the world be in vain.”. Corals would be 99% lost at the higher of the two temperatures, but more than 10% have a chance of surviving if the lower target is reached. To prevent irreversible harm to Earth’s life-support systems, humanity must emit less climate-warming greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, while also removing excess carbon from the atmosphere. The IPCC report also stipulates that the world has until 2030 to cut global emissions of carbon dioxide by about 45 percent from 2010 levels and reach net zero by around 2050 to stop global warming at 1.5 degrees. Ms. ESPINOSA closed the fireside chat by asking panellists what one word they would use to motivate youth leaders. ... and that from 2030 to 2050 the rates of deployment remain constant. Further, Egypt launched initiatives that provide training for youth on the use of low-carbon technologies as a means to create jobs. States must recognize the interdependence of the Sustainable Development Goals, she said, adding that “climate change has the potential to reverse development gains and aggravate intergenerational poverty”. PRAMISHA THAPALIYA, youth representative of Nepal, said youth will bear the brunt of the intergenerational problem. The Summary for Policymakers (SPM) presents the key findings of the Special Report, based on the assessment of the available scientific, technical and socio-economic literature relevant to global warming of 1.5°C. The Earth’s climate and ecological systems are deeply intertwined. She called for increased focus on “ambition, mitigation and adaptation” when considering implementation efforts. I want to use this report to do something big in China.”, The timing was good, he said, because the Chinese government was drawing up a long-term plan for 2050 and there was more awareness among the population about the problem of rising temperatures. “Two years ago, even I didn’t believe 1.5C was possible but when I look at the options I have confidence it can be done. She called for low-carbon technologies to be packaged with favourable financing terms. Ms. FOUAD responded to the youth representative that discussions for the Paris Agreement had led to a commitment of $100 billion in climate funding by 2020. He pointed to the shift towards a green economy in India as an example of best practice and said upcoming high-level meetings provide a stage to catalyze greater action. Indigenous people have a “law” to pass on information to younger generations. Ms. ESPINOSA asked what the implementation expectations were for COP25 set to be held in Chile from 2 to 13 December. A youth representative highlighted the need for increased gross national income funding for youth initiatives, and to move away from fossil fuels. Echoing other speakers, he called for more involvement by young people. The floor was then opened for an interactive exchange. “I echo that demand,” he said, adding that:  “We must address this global emergency with ambition and urgency.”. Ensuring adequate support for adaptation accounts for 54 per cent of the Fund’s grant portfolio, with funds primarily direct to the most vulnerable States. Last year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ... if the 45% carbon cut target by 2030 is to be met then the plans really need to be on the table by the end of 2020. The Fund has built a portfolio of 102 projects worth $5 billion that includes cross-cutting city programmes and partnerships with local financial institutions. Ms. WICKRAMANAYAKE asked how young people can tap into the Green Climate Fund. “Climate justice is intergenerational justice,” she said, adding that States must act collectively and responsibly. However, he noted there is evidence “that we are moving in the right direction”. First published on Sun 7 Oct 2018 21.00 EDT. “We show it can be done within laws of physics and chemistry. The representative of the Inter-Parliamentary Union expressed worry that the right synergy does not exist in the economic model, and that the international community is still thinking of a technological solution. Ms. ROBINSON said the debate on climate change is evolving and the seriousness of the situation is being acknowledged. This year’s two-part America’s Pledge analysis explores the 2030 impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our energy systems and climate action, and provides a look back on climate progress made by state, city, and business leadership over the past three years. “Our future is in your hands, do not let the hope of the world be in vain,” she concluded. The goal: to build a better future by cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030. Pointing to Earth Hour on 30 March, she said her country, Egypt, is firmly engaged in highlighting that effort by including celebrities and athletes in the programme. Ms. WICKRAMANAYAKE asked how to create more effective partnerships between Governments, civil society and the private sector. In December 2015, the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference called for the report. The authors of the landmark report by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released on Monday say urgent and unprecedented changes are needed to reach the target, which they say is affordable and feasible although it lies at the most ambitious end of the Paris agreement pledge to keep temperatures between 1.5C and 2C. To her, climate change and global warming were ambiguous terms until her life, and that of her fellow Grenadians, was forever altered by Hurricane Ivan in 2004. By mid-century, a shift to the lower goal would require a supercharged roll-back of emissions sources that have built up over the past 250 years. “But tools are no use if you don’t use them,” he stressed, adding: “We need action, ambition and political will.”. Drawing inspiration from the thousands of students worldwide demanding tangible action, she called on world leaders to make 2020 the last year carbon emissions increase due to human activities. However, the international community is not on track to meet its goals or those set forth in the Paris Agreement. • Arctic sea ice would remain during most summers if warming is kept to 1.5C. “Now is the time for action,” she said, pointing to the direct impact climate change is having on small island developing States, women and young people. Meanwhile, only 15 per cent of global energy is sourced from nuclear, hydro and renewable power. “More often than not, the voices of young people are not heard,” she said, urging leaders to learn from the global youth. Ms. APPADOO said all those convened at the meeting are concerned about the future of the planet. Turning to population growth, he said Africa may have 4 billion inhabitants by the end of the century. The Green New Deal is a plan to mobilize every aspect of American society to 100% clean and renewable energy, guarantee living-wage jobs for anyone who needs one, and a just transition for both workers and frontline communities—all in the next 10 years. Ms. ESPINOSA then asked about the results of the discussions in Katowice. “We have presented governments with pretty hard choices. Urging stakeholders to transition efforts towards implementation initiatives, she said Mexico is developing a road map to integrate social justice and environmental protection. NEZHA EL OUAFI, Secretary of State and Ministry of Environment of Morocco, expressed sadness over unprecedented flooding in Malawi and Mozambique, noting no country is spared from climate change today. The process had demonstrated that multilateralism is alive and ready to address the challenges of climate change, but there is no time to lose, she said. “We will create the best synergies between climate and the Sustainable Development Goals through the lens of intergenerational dialogue,” she said, noting that even school children are becoming involved in climate action. LAURA TUCK, Vice-President of Sustainable Development of the World Bank, echoed the call to take steps that positively impact the most Sustainable Development Goals. Such action must be based on a new narrative that promotes systemic change, said Manish Bapna, Executive Vice-President of the World Resources Institute. This will require an urgent and large-scale transition to clean and renewable sources of energy. Mr. KURTYKA, who served as President of COP24, responded that in its wake global climate governance is in place, but implementation is the new direction. He encouraged young people to organize and access the Fund. MARÍA FERNANDA ESPINOSA GARCÉS (Ecuador), President of the General Assembly, warned the Assembly that “we are the last generation that can prevent irreparable damage to our planet”. NORMA KASSI, Director of Indigenous Collaboration of the Arctic Institute of Community-Based Research, said indigenous people have sustained themselves for thousands of years, and must be included in implementation of all Sustainable Development Goals going forward. For climate action to succeed it must account for the needs of all affected communities, she noted, adding that the University of Mauritius is set to host a multi-stakeholder climate justice conference. The Climate Centre in Morocco is helping Africa deal with the Sahel region, and the country is researching solar and new types of energy technology. “The impacts of climate change are our new normal,” she said, adding that world leaders are failing to act. We cannot answer that. Throughout the second discussion, panellists stressed the need to promote technology transfers, provide targeted development assistance and create favourable financing packages that allow vulnerable States to adapt to, and mitigate, climate change. But he said opinion had shifted in the past few years along with growing evidence of climate instability and the approach of tipping points that might push the world off a course that could be controlled by emissions reductions. Environmental issues and sustainable development, Round-up of the Security Council's activities, Main part of the 75th session of the General Assembly, High-Level Meetings of the 75th General Assembly. Warning of ‘climate catastrophe,’ UN says 2020 among hottest years ever ... coal and natural gas by 6% each year by 2030 to keep global temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius. Mr. MANZANARES said helping developing countries access climate financing is the core goal of the Green Climate Fund and adaptation is the priority for the most vulnerable countries. “That was the day mother nature fought back after being treated so unkindly for so long,” she said. The report will be presented to governments at the UN climate conference in Poland at the end of this year. Without concrete action, the planet will continue to get warmer. Mr. HASSAN said the current generation has a duty to establish and ensure intergenerational equity in terms of resource conservation. Ms. KING said climate change can bring devastating consequences to small island developing States. The number affected would increase substantially in the following centuries due to locked-in ice melt. Donald Trump has promised to withdraw the US – the world’s biggest source of historical emissions – from the accord. 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