Europe France Portugal Russia Southeast Asia Rivers. Over one million individual birds (swans, wild ducks, coots, etc.) Giosan et al., 2006, Young Danube delta documents stable Black Sea level since the middle Holocene: Morphodynamic, paleogeographic, and archaeological implications. Natural environments have been altered, the breeding pattern of fish has been disrupted, and the flows in the main arms have increased, with serious consequences regarding the discharge of alluvia and the erosion of banks. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Correcting the six large meanders on its course thereby reduced the length of the Sfântu Gheorghe from 108 to 108 km, and its flow also increased somewhat. Human Presence. Water. Skip to main content. The largest lakes are lakes Dranov (21.7 km2), Roșu (14.5 km2) and Gorgova (13.8 km2). Deltas in the world Deltas in Europe Delta area in the Netherlands Find the perfect delta river europe stock photo. two inhabitants per km2. Other people living in the delta include ethnic minorities such as Greeks, Turks and Bulgarians (in 1992). The Volga Delta has grown significantly over the past 130 years. They run east to west through the delta and are composed of clay-rich sands. Dunes on the most extensive strand plains of the delta (Letea and Caraorman strand plains) stand higher (12.4 m and 7 m respectively). Rhine River, river and waterway of western Europe, culturally and historically one of the great rivers of the continent and among the most important arteries of industrial transport in the world. Your journey begins at the end of the oldest and wildest arm of the Danube at the … Category:River deltas of Europe Jump to ... Nemunas Delta (1 C, 2 P) R Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta (4 C, 33 P, 1 F) Pages in category "River deltas of Europe" The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. There are 283 recorded species of birds (155 of which migrate to the delta from March to November) and at least 50 different species of fish. Finding that was like a eureka moment.. Although the first modern agricultural exploitation dates from 1939 (Ostrovul Tãtaru), only after 1960 were large areas drained and converted, to the detriment of the wetlands. The Main-Danube canal, which joins the Main River and Danube River, stretches for a length of 106 miles from Bamberg to Regensburg, with a total of 16 locks, making it possible to travel via river cruise ship from the North Sea to the Black Sea. This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total. Image of the Day During the 15th century, the Danube Delta became part of the Ottoman Empire. This elevation image shows that the Irrawaddy Delta in Burma (Myanmar) is clearly flat, much of it below five meters in elevation. This comprises the arms of the Danube, and a series of its more important streamlets and channels. The rounded form of the delta attests to the balance between sediment deposition by the Ebro River and removal of this material by wave erosion. It hosts 23 natural ecosystems, but due to the extent of wetlands an aquatic environment is prevalent; a terrestrial environment is also present on the higher grounds of the continental levees, where xerophile ecosystems have developed. It is made up of countless lakes, channels and islands at the end of a 2,860 km-long river. The firm land of the delta used to be covered with large groves of willow trees, which have been cut down almost entirely and replaced with Canadian poplars. Cancel Unsubscribe. The first and most prominent includes the higher areas of the delta, which are dominated by linear mounds and basins known as “ilmens.” These parallel mounds range from 400 meters (1,300 feet) to 10 kilometers (6 miles) long and stand as much as 8 meters (26 feet) high. Musura Gulf, north of Sulina, and Saint George Gulf are considered the most representative of this type of ecosystem. After later invasion by the Goths, the region changed hands many times. As a result, the length of the Sulina arm was reduced from 92 to 64 km, and its flow more than doubled, thus making it suitable for large-vessel navigation. Among the mammals, there is the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), European mink (Mustela lutreola), little ermine (Mustela erminea aestiva), wild boar (Sus scrofa), and wild cat (Felis silvestris), in winter the European hare (Lepus europaeus) and, on the brink of disappearing from the delta, the wolf and the fox. Located in the Yellow River delta, the Shengli Oilfield was discovered in 1961 and developed over the years, while in 1992, the Yellow River delta national nature reserve was established. The modern Danube Delta began to form after 4000 BCE in a bay of the Black Sea when the sea rose to its present level. It is Europe’s largest river delta, situated where the Volga pours its fresh water and sediment into the northwest sector of the Caspian Sea. View the exclusive Scenic benefits available on our Mekong river cruises. The Nile is located in northeast Africa and flows through many different African countries including Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Burundi.There are two major tributaries that feed the Nile, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. As your luxurious Scenic Space-Ship journeys towards the Black Sea and the breathtaking Danube Delta, you'll delight in the variety of birdlife and the spectacular natural beauty. However, the oil field overlapped with some areas of the nature reserve. It is Europe’s largest river delta, situated where the Volga pours its fresh water and sediment into the northwest sector of the Caspian Sea. The reserve was dedicated as a Wetlands Site of International Importance in 1976 and added to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves in 1984. As a rule, the reed surrounds the lakes and ponds, and slowly invades the water surface. The northwest winds cause frequent storms in spring and autumn. On the Ukrainian side, located at the northern edge of the delta, the town of Izmail has a population of 85,000, Kiliya a population of 21,800, and Vilkovo, the main center of the Lipovan community, a population of 9,300. Reed plants and floating reed islands (called plaur in Romania) are the most common and well known components of the Danube Delta. The image was taken by a member of the Expedition 48 crew. Deltas' greatest importance to human activities, fish and wildlife lay in their characteristic highly fertile soil and dense, diverse vegetation. Islands, A series of articles on control of the Danube, in chronological order. Find Delta's Best Fare Guarantee for flights to Denver, Colorado, with direct routes available for your next outdoors or ski vacation getaway. A sandy barrier blocked the Danube bay where the river initially built its delta. The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea County), with a small part in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast). The Ebro, lying between Barcelona and Valencia, is Spain's longest river. This city was a seaport in the 4th Century, and is now located well inland from the current Ebro river mouth. Under the presidency of Kuchma, Ukraine had responded that Romania was only afraid of the competition that the new channel would bring, and continued working on the channel. On the Letea levee, these exotic-looking forests grow especially in the depressions between the sand dunes, in small groves called hasmace. The delta has grown to nine times its original size during the last 120 years, now … Scenic offers luxury, ultra-all-inclusive river cruises on the Rhine and Danube rivers, and in France, Asia and Russia. Subcategories. Sulina, the central and thus the shortest arm, which consequently led to its extensive use for traffic and severe transformation. Its acute isolation and harsh conditions of living, based mainly on subsistence, made the Danube Delta a place of emigration, or transit at least. Discover the delights of the Dutch Waterways, explore the timeless cities along the Danube, experience the rich culture of the Douro and admire the incredible cityscapes of Russia… Step aboard one of our handcrafted river cruises and discover the very best of Europe’s waterways. Il donne également son nom à la région du Delta du Mékong, appelé aussi en vietnamien : đồng bằng sông Cửu Long, c'est-à-dire « delta des 9 dragons ». In Ukraine, the Danube branch of the Black Sea State Reserve was established in 1973. The most popular month to go is January, which has the most number of tour departures. The Danube Delta falls within the Pannonian steppe ecosystem of eastern Europe, with Mediterranean influences. In 1812, following the Russo-Turkish War, the borders of the Ottoman and Russian Empires were set by the Kilia and Old Stambul Channels of the Danube, and in 1829 by the St George Channel. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The Copernicus Sentinel-3 mission takes us over the Ganges Delta – the world’s largest river delta.. Loading... Unsubscribe from GrunfWorks? Featured river cruise - 8 days from £1,289. Life Image of the Day It consists of an intricate pattern of marshes, channels, streamlets and lakes. The East Asian raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides), bizam/introduced muskrat (Ondatra zibethica), and to some extent South American nutria (Myocastor coypus), are recent species that have successfully adapted. As both the largest remaining natural wetland and second largest river delta in Europe, the Danube Delta is one of the continent's most valuable habitats for wetland wildlife. Both these increases were made to the detriment of the Chilia arm, which at present remains the most unspoiled arm of the main three. You will also pay the statutory tuition fee for the second year of the degree programme, but you can receive half of that amount back provided you complete the programme within the specified programme duration (1.5 years). Several other internal lobes were constructed in the lakes and lagoons bordering the Danube Delta to the north (Chilia I and II) and toward the south (Dunavatz). can still be found, mixed with white poplar (Populus alba). This low elevation makes the delta particularly prone to flooding from storm surges. A river delta is formed at the mouth of a river where the river deposits the sediment load carried by it and drains into a slower moving or static body of water. Vegetation of this ecosystem consists of the common reed (Phragmites communis) and, on near river banks, mace reed/cattail (Typha latifolia, Typha angustifolia), sedge (Carex dioica, Carex stricta), Dutch rush (Scirpus radicans, Schoenoplectus lacustris), and brook mint (Mentha aquatica), etc. The second zone of the deltat has very low relief and is the site of active and abandoned water channels. It is characterized by a rich floating and submerse flora (Myriophyllum, Ceratophyllum, Vallisneria etc., under the water; Nymphaea alba, Nuphar lutea, Trapa natans, Alisma plantago etc., floating plants with roots near the lakes' borders; and Salvinia natans, Stratiotes aloides, Spirogyra etc., floating plants without roots, having negative effect for aquatic bioproductivity). Romanians account for approximately 80% of the population, and Ukrainians for 10%. The average altitude is 0.52 m, with 20% of the territory below sea level, and more than half not exceeding one meter in altitude. In 2004, Ukraine inaugurated work on the Bistroe Channel that would provide an additional navigable link from the Black Sea to the populous Ukrainian section of the Danube Delta. These corrections, as well as the digging of various secondary channels throughout the body of the delta, have had a serious impact on the ecosystem. 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